Of all the diabetic types, type 2 diabetes is the most common. In fact, 95% of adults with diabetes have type 2, about 26 million adults in the United States.
It was once known as adult-onset diabetes or non-insulin-dependant diabetes, but that has since changed. Now, more and more teenagers suffering from obesity are being diagnosed with type 2; since the overweight epidemic in young people began, teenagers who develop type 2 diabetes are more common each year.
Type 2 is a milder form of diabetes than the type 1 variety. However, its is still responsible for many health complications. It increases the risk of heart attack, stroke, and causes complications in smaller blood vessels that nourish kidneys, eyes, and the nervous system. In many cases, type 2 diabetes progresses creating a need for medication.
Although the pancreas will still produce some insulin with type 2 diabetes, it doesn’t produce enough to handle the body’s needs or the body resists the insulin produced. The resistance to insulin generally takes place in the liver, muscles, and fatty areas. When insulin is resisted, the pancreas works harder to produce the needed insulin. Still, it cannot produce enough insulin to maintain healthy blood sugar levels.
Obese individuals, or those more than 20% over ideal body weight, have greater chances of developing type 2 diabetes and its accompanying issues because insulin resistance is more likely to take place when you’re overweight. There is no cure, but it can be managed with a healthy diet, exercise routine, and weight management.
You endocrinologist may administer A1C blood tests to estimate averages of glucose levels over a three month period. This testing is instrumental in monitoring the positive effects of good nutrition, exercise, and medications. It’s common practice to perform A1C testing a few times each year to monitor the progress of managing blood sugar and preventing damage to organs or nerves.